women in history - cleopatra vii [69 bc - 30 bc]
cleopatra vii philopator, now known simply as cleopatra, was the last active pharaoh of ancient egypt and the last of a long-ruling family line: the ptolemy dynasty. what separated cleopatra from prior ptolemaic rulers was where they refused to embrace the egyptian language—as they were of greek origin—she not only learnt to speak egyptian, she also represented herself as the reincarnation of the egyptian goddess, isis. before ruling egypt alone, she first ruled alongside her father, ptolemy xii. after his death and following ancient egyptian custom, she wed and ruled alongside her ten year-old brother, ptolemy xiii. but relations completely broke down between the egyptian queen and her brother-king, resulting in cleopatra removing ptolemy’s names from official documents and having only her face on their coins. unrest ensued and cleopatra went into exile. while cleopatra was in exile, ptolemy xiii—now only thirteen years of age—angered julius caesar by beheading someone whom he thought was a great enemy of caesar’s. taking full advantage of caesar’s anger at ptolemy’s mistake, cleopatra had herself smuggled back into the palace by being rolled up in a carpet. although caesar was 52 years-old and cleopatra 21 years, she delivered caesar’s baby—nicknamed caesarion— just nine months later, ensuring his loyalty to back her bid for the throne. caesar beat ptolemy xiii’s army at the battle of the nile and the young king drowned, putting cleopatra securely back on the throne. but as ancient egyptian tradition decreed, she married her next younger brother, ptolemy xiv. just three short years later, julius caesar was assassinated by a group of conspirators and shortly after his death, cleopatra’s co-ruler and brother-king, ptolemy xiv, was allegedly poisoned to death by cleopatra herself. her and caesar’s son, caesarion, was, in time, announced as her new co-ruler. though cleopatra met mark antony when she was 14 years of age, she didn’t become more acquainted with him until the roman civil war and in 41 bc, she charmed him so thoroughly he stayed with her in alexandria for the winter season. cleopatra and antony had twins, married—though he was still married to another woman—, and had one more child together. upon the invasion of egypt by octavian and believing cleopatra to be dead, mark antony attempted to commit suicide by stabbing himself in the stomach. learning she was actually alive, he was taken to her where she was in hiding and died in her arms. cleopatra, grieving and  desperate not to be caught and paraded about by octavian, had a posionous asp snake bite her breast and died from the venom.



“I didn’t want a gun. I specifically didn’t want one,” Dittrich said. “I was very much opposed to hav[ing] one, and I guess I got the realization that the police really can’t protect you. They can respond, and they can protect you once they get there. But, you’re on your own.”

I honestly don’t see how having a gun in a situation where both of your assailants already have a gun pointed at you would help anything.

With a 30 second internet search, you can find literally thousands of examples of armed citizens defeating attackers with guns.

Armed Doctor Opens Fire and Stops Active Shooter in Pennsylvania Hospital

Is it possible they’ll leave you alone if you peacefully submit? Sure.

Is it also possible that even if you submit, they’ll rape your wife, sister or daughter, and kill you all anyway? Yes.

I’m not going to leave these possibilities in the hands of some criminal scum.  I’m going to fight to the last breath in my body.

Just because some people are cowards doesn’t mean that we all should be as well.

He may love you. He probably does. He probably thinks about you all the time. But that isn’t what matters. What matters is what he’s doing about it, and what he’s doing about it is nothing. And if he’s doing nothing, you most certainly shouldn’t do anything. You need someone who goes out of their way to make it obvious that they want you in their life.
this is really important (via dirtyberd)

To a “t”

(via thick-skulled)

Same for girls.